The Most Common Co-Occurring DisordersA few co-occurring disorders are especially typical. These include:
- Depression. Often, those who are struggling with depression will use drugs or alcohol to self-medicate—and that substance use can sometimes become addiction.
- Anxiety. While a little stress is a normal part of life, extreme or persistent anxiety may point to a mental health disorder. Again, drugs or alcohol may be used to self-medicate.
- PTSD. Those who have experienced trauma can sometimes exhibit the symptoms of PTSD—and this condition is closely linked with addiction.
- Bipolar disorder. Those who are bipolar may experience extreme shifts in mood and turn to drugs or alcohol to help “level out.”
- ADHD. Those who have ADHD find it difficult to focus on a particular task—and in some cases, believe drugs or alcohol will help give them that focus.
- Insomnia. Drugs and alcohol are sometimes used to induce sleep—but the cruel irony is, they can also be disruptive to sleep in the long run, only making the insomnia worse.